Saturday, 10 June 2017

Kiran Bedi : A short Biography


Kiran Bedi is a retired Indian Police Service officer, social activist, former tennis player and politician who is the current Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry. She is the first woman to join the Indian Police Service (IPS) in 1972.
Bedi was born on 9 June 1949 in Amritsar, in a well-to-do Punjabi business family. She is the second child of Prakash Lal Peshawaria and Prem Lata (née Janak Arora). She has three sisters: Shashi, Reeta and Anu. Her great-great grandfather Lala Hargobind had migrated from Peshawar to Amritsar, where he set up a business. Bedi's upbringing was not very religious, but she was brought up in both Hindu and Sikh traditions (her grandmother was a Sikh). Prakash Lal helped with the family's textile business, and also played tennis. Bedi's grandfather Muni Lal controlled the family business, and gave an allowance to her father. He cut this allowance when Bedi's elder sister Shashi was enrolled in the Sacred Heart Convent School, Amritsar. Although the school was 16 km away from their home, Shashi's parents believed it offered better education than other schools. Muni Lal was opposed to his grandchild being educated in a Christian school. However, Prakash Lal declared financial independence, and went on to enroll all his daughters, including Kiran, in the same school. Bedi started her formal studies in 1954, at the Sacred Heart Convent School in Amritsar. She participated in National Cadet Corps (NCC), among other extra-curricular activities. When she was in Class 9, Bedi joined Cambridge College, a private institute that offered science education and prepared her for matriculation exam.
By the time her former schoolmates at Sacred Heart cleared Class 9, she cleared Class 10 (matriculation) exam. Bedi graduated in 1968, with a BA (Honours) in English, from Government College for Women at Amritsar. The same year, she won the NCC Cadet Officer Award. In 1970, she obtained a master's degree in political science from Panjab University, Chandigarh. From 1970 to 1972, Bedi taught as a lecturer at Khalsa College for Women in Amritsar. She taught courses related to political science. Later, during her career in the Indian Police Service, she also earned a law degree at Delhi University in 1988 and a Ph.D. from IIT Delhi's Department of Social Sciences in 1993.
Inspired by her father, Bedi started playing tennis at the age of nine. As a teenage tennis player, she cut her hair short as they interfered with her game. In 1964, she played her first tournament outside Amritsar, participating in the national junior lawn tennis championship at Delhi Gymkhana. She lost in early rounds, but won the trophy two years later, in 1966. As the national champion, she was eligible for entry to the Wimbledon junior championship, but was not nominated by the Indian administration.
Bedi was also a part of Indian team that beat Sri Lanka to win the Lionel Fonseka Memorial Trophy in Colombo. She continued playing tennis until the age of thirty, when she started focusing on her Indian Police Service career. In 1972, she married fellow tennis player Brij Bedi; the two had met on Service Club courts in Amritsar.
After joining IPS, Bedi served in Delhi, Goa, Chandigarh and Mizoram. She started her career as an Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP) in Chanakyapuri area of Delhi, and won the President's Police Medal in 1979. Next, she moved to West Delhi, where she brought a reduction in crimes against women.
Subsequently, as a traffic police officer, she oversaw traffic arrangements for the 1982 Asian Games in Delhi and the 1983 CHOGM meet in Goa. As DCP of North Delhi, she launched a campaign against drug abuse, which evolved into the Navjyoti Delhi Police Foundation (renamed to Navjyoti India Foundation in 2007).
In May 1993, she was posted to the Delhi Prisons as Inspector General (IG). She introduced several reforms at Tihar Jail, which gained worldwide acclaim and won her the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1994. In 2003, Bedi became the first Indian woman to be appointed as a Police Advisor to Secretary-General of the United Nations, in the Department of Peace Keeping Operations. She resigned in 2007, to focus on social activism and writing. She has written several books, and runs the India Vision Foundation. During 2008–11, she also hosted a court show Aap Ki Kachehri. She was one of the key leaders of the 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement, and joined the Bharatiya Janata Party in January 2015. She unsuccessfully contested the 2015 Delhi Assembly election as the party's Chief Ministerial candidate. On 22 May 2016, Bedi was appointed as the Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry.

Tuesday, 6 June 2017

Current Affairs Quiz From January 2017 : Part I

June 06 : Major Historical Events

Each day has its own significance. The importance of each day is signified by many happenings that took place on that particular day. The major events that happened in History on June 06 are listed below.

1674: Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire, was crowned.
1882: More than 100,000 inhabitants of Mumbai were killed when a cyclone in the Arabian Sea pushes huge waves into the harbour.
1944: The allied powers crossed the English Channel and landed on the beaches of Normandy, France, beginning the liberation of Western Europe from Nazi control during World War II. The term D-Day is used for this day.
1946: Gerhart Hauptmann, German novelist, poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate, passed away (b. 1862).
1949: George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-four was published.
1984: Indian army stormed the Golden Temple under Operation Bluestar.
2004: Tamil was established as a classical language by the President of India, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, in a joint sitting of the two houses of the Indian Parliament.
2013: Jerome Karle, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate passed away (b. 1918).

Saturday, 3 June 2017

June 03 : Major Historical Events

Each day has its own significance. The importance of each day is signified by many happenings that took place on that particular day. The major events that happened in History on June 03 are listed below.
1916: US President Woodrow Wilson signed National Defense Act into law, increasing the size of he United States National Guard by 450,000 men.
1936: Larry MCMurtry, the renowned Western author, was born.
1940: Gemans bombed Paris in World War II.
1965: Gemini 4, the first multi-day space mission was launched by a NASA crew. ED White, a crew member, performed the firast American spacewalk.
1984: Operation Blue Star, a military offensive, was launched by the Indian government at Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, the holiest shrine for Sikhs, in Amritsar. The operation continued until June 6, with casulties, most of them civilians, in excess of 5,000.
1989: The government of China sends troops to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after weeks of occupation.
1989: Natural gas explosion killed 500 in Russia.
1989: Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian religius leader and politician, 1st Supreme Leader of Iran passed awaw (b. 1902).
2016: Muhammad Ali, American boxer passed awaw (b. 1942) .

Friday, 2 June 2017

June 02 : Major Historical Events

Each day has its own significance. The importance of each day is signified by many happenings that took place on that particular day. The major events that happened in History on June 02 are listed below.
1840: Thomas Hardy, English novelist and poet was born. (d. 1928)
1923: Lloyd Shapley, American mathematician and economist, Nobel Prize laureate was born (d. 2016)
1924: US President Calvin Coolidge signed the Indian Citizenship Act into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.
1931: Suspension bridge collapsed at its opening.
1935: Babe Ruth, one of the greatest players in the history of baseball, ends his major league playing career after 22 seasons, 10 World Series and 714 home runs.
1943: Ilaiyaraja, the Indian singer-singwriter and producer, was born. 
1946: In a referendum, Itilians voted to turn Italy from a monarchy into a Republic. After the referendum, King Umberto-II of Italy was exiled.
1953: Mountaineer Edmund Hillary of New 
zealand and his Nepalese Sherpa guide Tensing became the first men to conquesr Mount Everest.
1953: Queen Elizabeth II was formally crowned as The Queen in England.
1956: Mani Ratnam, the renowned Indian film director, was born.
1966: First US space probe Surveyor 1 landed on the moon.
1988: Raj Kapoor, the famous film actor, director and Dadasaheb Phalke awardee, passed away.
1979: Pope John Paul II started his first official visit to his native Poland, becoming the first Pope to visit a Communist country.
2003: Europe launched its first voyage to Mars.
2004: Dom Moraes, the Indian writer and poet, passed away.
2012: Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak was sentenced to life imprisonment for his role in the killing of demonstrators during the 2011 Egyptian revolution.
2014: Telengana officially became the 29th state of India.
2015: Irwin Rose, American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate passed away (b. 1926).

Tuesday, 30 May 2017

West Bengal Board WBCHSE HS Result 2017 to be declared today at 10.30 am


The West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE) will declare the Higher Secondary HS Class 12th Result 2017 today at 10.30 am on official websites wbchse.nic.in and wbresults.nic.in. As per PRESS RELEASE on 24th May 2017 by Dr Mahua Das, President of WBCHSE, the board would hold a press conference at 10 am today, probably to announce the toppers/merit list. WBCHSE HS Result 2017 would be made available on the websites at 10.30 am. Along with the official websites, West Bengal Board has also tied up with a host of private websites to declare the Class 12th Results. Students can also get their results through the following websites, SMS, USSD and Mobile App.
Website Name
SMS
SMS WB12 space<Roll number> to 54242
SMS WB12 space<Roll numbet> to 58888
SMS WB12 space<Roll number> to 5676750
SMS WB12 space<Roll number> to 56263
USSD
Send *588# to 58888
Pre-register your roll no. & mobile no. on www.exametc.com to get the result free on SMS.
Follow the steps given below to check your result:
Log on to the official websites: wbchse.nic.in or wbresults.nic.in.
Click on ‘WBCHSE HS 12th Result 2017’ tab.
Enter details like roll number and date of birth.
Once you click on submit, your result will be displayed on the screen.
It is advisable to take a printout of the result for future.
Students can check their result via SMS service also. Here’s how:
SMS WB12 space<Roll number to 54242
SMS WB12 space<Rollnumber to 58888
SMS WB12 space<Rollnumber to 5676750
SMS WB12 space<Rollnumber to 56263
The candidates can collect their WB Class 12th mark sheets and certificates today from their respective schools. This year nearly 8 lakh students appeared for the WB HS 12th exam, which was held from March 15 to 19. In 2016, a total of total 7,79,453 participated in the examination of which 6,79,453 were declared qualified. The total pass percentage was 83.56 percent.

Saturday, 27 May 2017

Result of Madhyamik Pariksha – 2017 conducted by WBBSE, West Bengal

As per Press Note released by Sri Deb Kumar Banerjee, Special Deputy Secretary (Examination), WBBSE, Nivedita Bhawan, DJ-8, SEC.-II, Salt Lake, Kolkata-91, vide No. DS(C/54/17 Dt.25.05.2017, the Results of Madhyamik Pariksha (SE), 2017 both Regular & External will be announced by the Hon’ble President of the Board on 27th May, 2017 at 9 am through a Press Conference. The Heads of the affiliated institutions or their authorized representatives are to collect the marksheets and certificates of Madhyamik Pariksha (SE), 2017 from the selected Camp Offices on 27.05.2017 from 10 am onwards. They are to deliver the same to the candidates from the respective institutions on the same day.
The results will be available through the following websites from 10 am on that date.

Send SMS as: WB10<space>Roll Number to : 54242, 5676750, 58888, 56263
Pre-rgister Roll Number and Mobile Number on www.exametc.com to get the result free on SMS soon after results release.

Tuesday, 23 May 2017

CAL - COMPUTER AIDED LEARNING


Introduction

In the context of the national mandate under RTE to provide quality education to every child, by ensuring universal access, equity, universal retention and achievement, the Department of Education of West Bengal has launched a flagship program. With a new Computer Aided Learning (CAL) initiative of SSA, the Department of Education in West Bengal is seeking to fulfil the imperative of providing education that can engage the interest of every child, so that retention and learning can be ensured.

What is CAL?

CAL is an abbreviation of Computer Aided Learning and is one of the most commonly used acronyms within education. It is difficult to say exactly when the term “CAL” was first employed, however since the mid 1980s CAL has been increasingly used to describe the use of technology in teaching.

Computer Aided Learning is an integrative technology, which describes an educational environment where a computer program is used to assist the user in learning a particular subject. It refers to an overall integrated approach of instructional methods. Computer aided learning is a device/learning strategy to make teaching more interesting joyful and sustainable.

 Objectives

  • To make learning a joyful experience for students
  • To develop interest in learning concepts.
  • To enhance students’ achievement level through Computer Aided Learning.

 CAL Classroom set up

  • One Computer CPU with UPS.
  • One Projecter Machine
  • One Projecter Screen
  • Keyboard & Mouse
  • Colorful Furnitures

Thursday, 13 April 2017

64th National Film Awards


The 64th National Film Awards for year 2016 were announced on 07 April 2017. Marathi film Kasaav won the award in the Best Feature Film category and Fireflies in the Abyss won in the Non-Feature Film Category. Telugu drama film Sathamanam Bhavathi directed by Satish Vegesna was selected as the Best Popular film providing wholesome entertainment. The 64th National Film Awards in the various categories are as follows:
 Best Feature Film: Kasaav (Marathi).
Non-Feature Film: Fireflies in the Abyss. 
Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment: Sathamanam Bhavathi 
Best Direction: Rajesh (Ventilator) 
Best Actor: Akhay Kumar (Rustom) 
Best Actress: Surabhi Lakshmi (Minnaminungu) 
Best Supporting Actress: Zaira Wasim (Dangal) 
Best Child Artist: Adhish Praveen (Kunju Daivam), Saj (Noor Islam), Manohara (Railway Children) 
Best stunt choreography: Peter Hein (Pulimurugan) 
Best Children’s Film: Dhanak (Hindi) 
Best Film on social issue: Pink 
Best Male Playback Singer: Sundara Iyer (Joker) 
Best Female Playback Singer: Thume jaake 
Best Screenplay (original): Syam Pushkaran (Maheshinte Prathikaram) 
Best Screenplay (adapted): Sanjay Krishnaji patel (Dashakriya) 
Best Editing: Rameshwar Ventilator Sound designer: Jayadevan (Kaadu Pookunna Neram) 
Best production design: 24 
Best Costume Designer: Sachin (Marathi film) 
Best Environmental film including agriculture: The Tiger who crossed the line 
Best Make-up Artist: MK Ramakrishna 
Best Music Direction: Babu Padmanabha (Kannada Lama) 
Special Mention: Kadvi Hawa (Hindi), Mukthi Bhavan (Hindi), Majirathi Keki (Assamese), Sonam Kapoor (Neerja). 
Special Jury award: Mohanlal( Pulimurugan), Janatha Garage and Munthirivallikal Thalirkkumbol. 
Best feature films in regional languages: Madipur (Tulu), Joker (Tamil), Wrongside Raju (Gujarati), Pelli Chupulu (Telugu), Dashakriya (Marathi), Bisarjan’ (Bengali), Maheshinte Prathikaram (Malayalam), Ke Sara Sara (Konkini), Reservation (Kannada) and Neerja (Hindi).

Colson Whitehead Awarded 2017 Pulitzer Prize


Colson Whitehead’s celebrated novel Underground Railroad has won the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for fiction. The novel is about an escaped slave that combined liberating imagination and brutal reality. Earlier in November 2016, the novel had received the National Book Award of US. This makes Colson Whitehead first person to win Pulitzer and National Book Award for fiction in last 20 years.